Traveling today is super easy. You have enough budgets then you can book a flight and get the best room in the hotel at a single click of a mouse. No matter you are going somewhere for the first time you have the GPS facility to get there and the hotel shuttles to pick you up from the airport.
But it is a fact that traveling was not that easy for the travelers and explorers in ancient times. Everyone knows about Christopher Columbus and Marco Polo, but most of us have not heard about the greatest Muslim traveler Ibn Battuta.
The early life of Ibn Battuta:
Ibn Battuta was one of the explorers and geographers of the 14th century. He was born in Tangier Morocco in 1304. Ibn Battuta traveled more than 75000 miles across the world and claimed to have journeyed through Eastern Europe, North Africa, India, China, and the Middle East.
He was born in a religious family of Muslim scholars so; Ibn Battuta had an urge to learn more. Since there were no big universities and Madrasa in Tangier, he decided to move from his hometown. He wanted to meet other scholars and had an immense desire to perform Hajj so; he headed towards Mecca. After performing Hajj, Ibn Battuta would travel to many Muslim countries. He set a record of visiting all of the known states governed by the Muslim rulers.
Ibn Battuta was a judge (Qadi) by profession, but he wanted to learn more. He was restless so, he decided to travel for further education in practical terms. Ibn Battuta was curious to know about the cultures and traditions of the countries he visited. During his travels, he was often attacked with minor ailments.
He was also sometimes attacked by thieves and robbers but fortunately successfully escaped each time. He also went through wars, rebellions, and shipwrecks. Ibn Battuta was shocked to know how other Muslims behaved in comparison to the society that he was grown up.
When Ibn Battuta came back after completing his traveling the rule of Morocco wanted him to write about his traveling and explorations. So, he asked his assistant Ibn Juzayy to write down his travel tales. The travel book of Ibn Battuta is called “Rihla” which means “Journey.”
After the completion of his book, Ibn Battuta was ridiculed by many people. They refused to accept the fact that he has traveled so long in a short period. They refused to believe his travel tales and descriptions. According to them, his travel journal is a hoax because they thought that his travel tales were based on other traveler’s accounts.
Death and legacy of Ibn Battuta:
Though he was criticized by many, still he is one of the most famous geographers and travels in the history. He moved farther than the famous traveler Marco Polo. In his travel journal, he wrote about the countries he visited and about the cultures of these regions. He provided a priceless glimpse of religious monuments around the world.
He described people and the courts in his travel book. After completing his journey, he returned to his hometown and appointed as a Judge. Ibn Battuta died in 1368 in the small town of Morocco. Ibn Battuta when he visited India was appointed as the Judge, and he remained in India for several years. Ibn Battuta got married several times during his entire traveling experience.
If we believe that his stories were not real still, his few travel tales are marvelous to be believed. No doubt, he is one of the greatest travelers of all time.